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Sixth Amendment and the former Tamil leaders who rejected the parliament…….


Sacrifices and the hidden histories -Nadarajah Kuruparan-

Sixth Amendment and the former Tamil leaders who rejected the parliament…….


The Sixth amendment was brought to parliament on 8th of August, 1983. Sixth amendment of the second Republican Constitution brought by J.R.Jayawardena in 1978 is still being as the legal knockout to the right struggles including the Tamil’s demand for separate state.


Prohibition against violation of territorial integrity


In this amendment,

The following Article is hereby inserted after Article 157, and shall have effect as Article 157A, of the Constitution:-

Prohibition against violation of territorial integrity of Sri Lanka

157A. (1) No person shall, directly or indirectly, in or outside Sri Lanka, support, espouse, promote, finance, encourage or advocate the establishment of a separate State within the territory of Sri Lanka.

(2) No political party or other association or organisation shall have as one of its aims or objects the establishment of a separate State within the territory of Sri Lanka.

Official oath or affirmation conforming that I am taking oath as a parliamentarian on the lines of the following in accordance with the constitution of sovereign Sri Lanka which is under unitary ruling, should be taken before entering into parliament.

But, 18 parliamentarians elected through TULF headed by Appapillai Amirthalingam refused to accept this sixth amendment and also they had thrown the parliamentary seats and offers without taking oath in accordance with the amended constitution. Thus, many fled from the country as they were being subjected to severe pressures.

This should be considered as the greatest revolution done in the 67 years of parliamentary politics in Sri Lanka. Because the then president J.R.Jayawardena attempted to drag many of them towards him to continue their parliamentary seats. Militant movements were not dominant at that time…….Weapons did not control the politics…….Arms did not command whether to accept or disregard the parliamentary seats…….But, none of the parliamentarians in north and east signed for the parliamentary seats…….

Meanwhile, while J.R.Jayawardena increased the period of parliament from 1983-1988 through the referendum, parliamentarians of TULF would have been on their parliamentary seats up to 1988 if they had signed on the oath accepting the sixth amendment to the constitution.

But, they did not do like that…….Despite the pressure were being exerted on them by the then president, without giving priority to the parliamentary seats and offers, they hit on the cheeks of Sri Lanka and the entire world through affirming that they never going to abandon the Vaddukkoddai resolution.   

Those, who were born in 1980s and 1990s, doing upheavals and revolutions in Facebook regarding Eelam politics without understanding the depth knowledge on it, must attempt to look back the previous history.

They have to explore the Sri Lankan politics and the constitutional changes so far without confining their knowledge with the false thoughts that the history of freedom struggle started just after 1990s and 2000s.

Second Republican Constitution of Sri Lanka that was finally brought in 1978 was subjected to 19 amendments so far. It should be noted that what can those who elected to the parliament in accordance with the constitution do.

Accordingly, are the demands for Federal regime, Two nation One country, Right to Self-determination and autonomy possible in the Sri Lankan parliament? How these demands are possible in the unitary sovereign Sri Lanka? Will the Tamil parties openly reveal, about making these demands possible after taking oath confirming the constitution of sovereign Sri Lanka, in their election manifesto?  

In their election manifesto, the Tamil parties, which enter into the parliament after taking oath in accordance with the constitution of unitary Sri Lanka, should clarify the people about the possibilities of their demands without answering elusively. Attractive slogans alone will not bring liberation.

But later on, thousands of criticisms over the TULF leaders continue till today. Many of them were shot dead.

But, all 18 parliamentarians refused to accept the parliamentary privileges without signing against the Vaddukoddai resolution in 1983. They would have been the opposition party and its leader would have been as the opposition leader till 1988 if they had not refused to sign against Vaddukoddai resolution. They would have enjoyed the parliamentary privileges and offers as the opposition leader and the parliamentarians.

But, their parliamentary seats were yet to be filled till 1988. We should anyhow question about what they had done later on. We should point out the mistakes committed by them. But, they had done the sacrifices and parliamentary revolution, which was not done by the parliamentarians who was recommended by the LTTE, due to their Tamil patriotism without being commanded by guns. These histories are being concealed and ignored.

Meanwhile, Chelliah Rajadurai elected as the parliamentarian from Batticaloa in 1977 had then defected to United National Party and accepted the minister post in 1978. We can talk about the faults of the leadership of TULF behind this exceptional incident.

Following are those who left from parliament and still being alive without accepting the Sixth amendment to the constitution;

R.Sampanthan, the leader of TNA

Aanandasankari, the leader of TULF

Soosaithasan, who keeps on silence, praised as the shadowed financial minister of Eelam

Many others were demised and others were shot dead.

The elections took place in 1989, 1994, 2000, 2001, 2004, 2010 and the parties elected in north and east in these elections are well known to all. Despite TNA contested in the election in 2001, the LTTE took the direct control of the TNA in the 2004 general election.

During the period of 1983 August to 1989, there was no representation of the north and east Tamils in the parliament (except the representatives of ruling party)

In 1989, EPDP entered into the parliament through Premadasa. EPDP that has complete hope on parliamentary politics has been travelling through that till today with the alliance of ruling party. They are going to contest in the election separately as the first time.

The parties that, emphasized the Tamil nation, contested as the Alliance in 2001 listed the candidates of their parties themselves. But, in 2004 parliamentary election, the LTTE recommended the list of candidates. Thus, importance of parliamentary politics in the liberation struggle directly and indirectly related.

All Ceylon Tamil Congress, which was the coalition partner before the annihilation of the LTTE, left from the alliance and contested separately in 2010 election as the first time and lost it.  

Then, ACTC ignored the local and provincial council elections and presidential election. Now they have come to the election field with the slogans of Two nation One country, autonomy, right to Self-determination. They blame the TNA on the allegation of forgetting these demands.

Likewise, will the Tamil National People's Front headed by the ACTC clarify the people through their election manifesto by mentioning on it about how they can make the demands possible through entering into the parliament after taking oath in accordance with the sixth amendment to the constitution of Sri Lanka which is under the unitary ruling?  

If that so, Global Tamil News will completely publish their election manifesto (Their election manifesto should be sent to us in Bamini Font in the word format)

-Nadarajah Kuruparan-

19th of July, 2015



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